• Chapter 2-3, God calls His people to repent and return, if not, they will all be judged. Thus, the description is of literal locusts, 5. Outline #1 (Ryrie): I. This army does unprecedented damage, "such as never was of old nor ever will be in ages to come" (2:2), 2. to OT Prophets, p. 153). Joel Bible study outline—contents by chapter and verse. A Survey of Old Testament Introduction, 310-11; Robert B. Chisholm, Jr., Joel, The Bible Knowledge Commentary: An Exposition of the Scriptures by Dallas Seminary Faculty: Old Testament, 1413; Robert B. Chisholm, Jr., Interpreting the Minor Prophets, 54; Homer Heater, Jr., Notes on the Book of Joel, unpublished class notes in seminar in the preexilic Old Testament prophets [Dallas Theological … God judges the nations on behalf of Judah (Joel 3) 1) is the occasion for Joel's prophecy. ", Related Topics: Introductions, Arguments, Outlines, Tom R. Hawkins, has both a ThM (1969) and PhD (1995) from Dallas Theological Seminary. Locusts are similar to grasshoppers and can congregate in swarms of millions of insects, stripping bare crops, trees, and grass in their path.Both in ancient times and today, there was no way to stop them when they hit. Ultimately the book of Joel will find its fulfillment in the Great Tribulation, the time of Jacob's trouble, preceding the judgment of the nations (3:2) and the establishment of the millennial kingdom (3:10, 17-21). 4:4-7), 3. Scripture linking and popups powered by VerseClick™. However, the law of double reference must here apply for Joel's main subject is to call the people to repentance in view of the impending "Day of Yahweh," in which Yahweh will sovereignly call His people to repentance during a time of unique astronomical signs (2:10, 30, 31). desolation, 1:2-2:17 A. Summary Outline of Joel I. Outline of the Book of Joel. The successive waves of locusts totally destroyed all vegetation (1:4). Date of Writing: The Book of Joel was likely written between 835 and 800 B.C. May you discover His character as you investigate the pages of Scripture. Joel was written because of a locust plague (described in chap. There is no reference to death, plunder, or the destruction of cities and the taking of captives, like human armies do, 4. While Baal worship was outwardly defeated during the years when Jehoiada lived, the worship of the people was more outward and formal and did not originate from true heart repentance (cf. During his PhD studies he completed the “arguments” for every book of the Bible. Rev. Yahweh is sovereign and will use this army to accomplish His awesome purpose (2:11). “O Lord, to thee will I cry”: As the first to call to repentance, the prophet had to be the first to heed the warning. 4 in Heb.). Joel 1 - The terrible plague of locusts. In support of the literal view Freeman suggests the following arguments: 1. At that time everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved (2:32). OUTLINE: I. Literal and local plague of locusts, Chapter 1:1-14 II. After a superscription ascribing the prophecy to Joel (son of Pethuel), the book may be broken down into the following sections: . They should beat the implements of agriculture into weapons of warfare and assemble in the valley of Jehoshaphat to stand accountable for their treatment of Israel and for their wickedness before God (3:9-13; cf. https://www.insight.org/resources/bible/the-minor-prophets/joel Little is known about Joel, a prophet from Judah (perhaps Jerusalem). What is the book of Joel about? The earth will shake. The prophet's use of symbolism explains how he can compare the locusts to a human army. The Title Verse: The Author, 1:1. In support of the view that the locusts are a figure of a future invasion are the following considerations: 1. He pastored churches from 1969 until 1994. Most scholars date the book after the exile to Babylon (586 b.c. Joel opened his message with a statement that the desolation of the locust plague was unforgettable (1:1-3). 25:31-46). There would be no food; joy and gladness would depart; crops would not grow; granaries would be unused; the livestock would suffer from lack of pasture; range fires would devastate; and there would be no water in the empty stream beds. All of the prophets build upon common themes of the call to repentance, judgment of the nations and eventual blessing for Israel. He calls for people to weep over the devastation ( 5-12 ) B. Joel, declaring sundry judgments of God, exhorts to observe them. Elsewhere Ryrie has said that Peter used Joel 2 as a homiletical device to draw people's attention to the fact that the Holy Spirit, not drunkenness, explained what they had seen and to urge people to call on the name of the Lord (Joel 2:32; Acts 2:21) (Charles Ryrie, "The Significance of Pentecost," Joel Outline New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures (Study Edition) Call on Jehovah’s Name and Get Away Safe! The Spotlight on a Recent Locust Plague (vv. Home » Joel » You are reading » Detailed outline of the Book of Joel Bible Blender November 10, 2010 Detailed outline of the Book of Joel 2017-10-14T10:48:06-06:00 Joel No Comment In support of this view it has been pointed out that Peter does not use the normal fulfillment formula like he did in Acts 1:16. It should also be noted as further evidence for an early date for the book that it is located in the Hebrew canon between Hosea and Amos. 16) just preceding the Second Advent of Christ. 23). Chapter 1: Crops utterly destroyed by a locust plague; call for repentance. 6:12) of the prophecy will come to pass. The Character of the Desolation, 1:2 … Bib. We know almost nothing about the prophet Joel. This set the stage for an appeal to the drunkards, who had no wine (1:5-7). International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, McClintock and Strong Biblical Cyclopedia. Jerusalem will be holy (3:17), and prosperity will once again flow into the barren land of Israel (3:18; Ezek. The Search OF the Savior: Why Jesus Came, Part 2 (Gal. Every book of the Bible outlined in section headings. Meanwhile, Israel's enemies will be called to account for their treatment of Israel in the day of the prophet (3:4-8). One of the major problems in the book concerns the description of the army in 2:2-11. First, it applied to the day of Pentecost, which was completely fulfilled in Acts 2. It is this remnant who will see the accompanying signs in the heavens (2:30-31) during those climactic days before the return of Messiah. The locust plague was only a forerunner of much greater judgment in the coming day of Yahweh. These cookies collect information that is used either in aggregate form to help us understand how our website is being used or how effective our marketing campaigns are, or to help us customize our website and application for you in order to enhance your experience. No mention is made of the later Assyrians and Babylonians. Second, it refers to the time at the beginning of the millennium when the Spirit will be poured out on the entire believing remnant who has survived the Tribulation. The second major problem in the book concerns the fulfillment of Joel 2:28-32 (3:1-5 in the Hebrew Bible). The locusts of chapter one are used in chapter two as symbols and forerunners of a greater devastation at a later time. Christ in Joel - Christ can be seen in His relation to the coming messianic blessing. Your Bible study shouldn't be left to a web search. This may also help explain the prominence of the priests. Other Near Eastern parallels use locusts to compare with armies and vice versa (John A. Thompson, "Joel's Locusts in the Light of Near Eastern Parallels," Journal of Near Eastern Studies 14 (January 1955):52-55), 3. Title: The Greek Septuagint (LXX), and Latin Vulgate versions follow the Hebrew Masoretic Text, titling this book after Joel the prophet, the recipient of the message from God (1.1). The immediate occasion for the message of Joel seems to have been a locust swarm which invaded Judah sometime before Joel wrote. Young is representative of this view. Sac. The army destroys vegetation--like real locusts. The book is universally called Joel after its author. The Superscription (v. 1) B. If so, this is a reference to Messiah. Joel used this agricultural calamity as the picture of a yet future devastation which could be avoided by true repentance. I. 23:15-22). God judges Judah (Joel 1–2) 1. E. B. Pusey also gives strong argument for an early date by the direct quotations taken from Joel in the later prophets. This again has a double reference. After all the desolation of the foreign invader, Yahweh will respond on behalf of His people by sending His Spirit (2:28-29). The name means "Yahweh is God.". The book of Joel starts by saying that “the word of the Lord that came to Joel the son of pethuel.”1 There are many persons named Joel in the Bible. Joel 2:1-27 - The coming day of the Lord, repentance, and restoration. Of the prophet Joel, we know nothing, except that he was the son of Pethuel (1:1), of whom nothing is known. Note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able to offer. Israel will be restored in that great day, and all nations will be summoned for judgment (3:1-2; cf. Some of the strongest refer to the enemies of Israel enumerated in the book. They are not to be repeated. The Joel passage found fulfillment in Acts 2. to 312 B.C. Joel chapter 1. Joel 2:12, 13). The assault includes the city and its houses, whereas locusts attack only vegetation (2:9). With After all, the Hebrew day always began at sunset. This outline of Joel is intended to assist you in your study of God’s Word — His letter to you. We know almost nothing about the prophet Joel. Peter in Acts 2 used Joel 2:28-32 as a proof that the advent of the Spirit on the day of Pentecost was the fulfillment of prophecy anticipated in Joel. God promises to pour out His Spirit on all mankind (Joel 2:28–29) 2. The strongest arguments, however, favor an early date. The Joel passage is not fulfilled in Acts 2. after the death of her husband, King Ahaziah. The absence of the mention of a king in Joel is not unusual since Obadiah, Jonah, Nahum and Habakkuk are pre- exilic and do not mention a king either. 19). Further, there was a period in Judah's history when Queen Athaliah had usurped the throne (841-35 B.C.) In his prophecy he may perhaps refer to the Assyrians or even the Babylonians, who both approached Israel from the North. It is debated whether Joel is one of the earliest prophets or the latest. This invasion of locusts destroys everything—the fields of grain, the vineyards, the gardens and the trees. The invasion is from the North (2:20), but locusts always come from the South (Pusey, Minor Prophets p. 150). His name means “Yahweh is God.” The book is … God judges the nations (Joel 2:28–3:21) 1. Israel's enemies will be punished (3:19), but Judah will be inhabited forever, a forgiven people (3:20-21). Different authors assign to his prophecy different dates, but the prevailing opinion is that he prophesied in the reign of Uzziah, nearly 800 B. C. Read Joel Joel God promises to restore Judah from the plague (Joel 2:18–27) 2. outline of the book (1:1-2:27) a. the land is laid waste (1:1-12) 1. Call on the name of the Lord, Jehovah a fortress. He prescribes a solemn fast to deprecate those judgments. Chapter 2: The Day of the Lord begins. Joel 1:19 "O LORD, to thee will I cry: for the fire hath devoured the pastures of the wilderness, and the flame hath burned all the trees of the field." These were the Phoenicians, Philistines, Greeks and Sabeans (3:4-8). to the OT Prophets, p. 154), 2. In view of the above it seems best to see that the actual historical occurrence of a locust plague (chap. The context clearly calls for Messiah's presence (2:26-27 and 2:32-3:2). This fulfillment of Joel 2, in its larger context, will take place at a later time at the end of the Tribulation and will usher in the millennium and be accompanied by the signs in the heavens as seen in the seven bowls of the wrath of God (Rev. In this video I present a general summary of the book of Joel. to OT Prophets, p. 153). Outline of Joel. May you discover His character as you investigate the pages of Scripture. This view was held by Grotius and some Jewish commentators but is largely rejected because the context of Joel is clearly eschatological (Freeman, Introd. Matt. Joe 1:14-20. Author – Date: The author of the prophecy is identified only as “Joel the son of Pethuel.” Looking to the day of the LORD (prelude), Chapters 1:15— Both in its grasp of the relationship between historical events and the suprahistorical expectation of the day of the Lord, and also in its impact on early Christian theology, its influence has hardly been proportionate to its size" (New Layman's Bible Commentary). This day of Yahweh will be one of darkness, gloom and cloudy blackness (2:2). Better Bible Study Expositional Outline of Joel: I. It should be rejected because the context of Joel is millennial, and the Spirit simply was not poured out on all flesh as Young assumes (Freeman, Introd. But, there isn’t any other information about the author in the Bible. Go To Joel Index. 28:38-39, 42; 1 Kings 8:37), 2. The day of Yahweh revealed (Heb text: 3:1-4:21). Bible Software. A severe insect plague. Christ can be seen in His relation to the coming messianic blessing. The past locust plague provided the background for the future invader (2:1-11) from the North (2:20). OUTLINE OF JOEL I. Rain will once again fall on the land; a Teacher of Righteousness (the Messiah) will accompany the prosperity. Further, the locusts are always driven in the direction of the wind, not in two different directions as this army will be (Pusey, Minor Prophets, p. 187). Watch our overview video on the book of Joel, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought.
The genre of Joel is Narrative and Prophetic Oracle. If Israel did not repent, there would come a day in which Yahweh will deal very severely with His people (1:15- 20). It is possible, indeed probable, that 2:23 should be translated, "for he has given you a teacher for righteousness." Thus, it can be said that Peter used Joel to prove that the advent of the Spirit was the fulfillment of Old Testament prophecy and that "this" day of Pentecost was the fulfillment of the predicted "day of Pentecost" (Acts 2:1; Lev. Content. He prescribes a solemn fast … The fourth view seems to solve this problem, 4. II. USE OF JOEL IN THE New Testament "While this is one of the briefest books in the OT, it is at the same time one of the most profound. Joel 2:28-3:21 - The outpouring of the Holy Spirit, judgment upon the nations. 47). Finally, it should be noted that the outpouring of the Holy Spirit in Joel will be fulfilled after Israel's national repentance. are terrified (2:6). ). Further, it has been pointed out that the work of the Holy Spirit at Pentecost was His baptizing act to usher in the church age while the fulfillment of Joel 2 will be to usher in the millennium. Joel, declaring sundry judgments of God, exhorts to observe them, Joe 1:8-13. and to mourn. Joel provides a framework for later prophetic development of the theme "day of Yahweh" (the LORD). Is Joel describing God's judgment in the form of another (most agree chapter one describes actual locusts) actual and literal locust plague? Freeman summarizes well the critical arguments for a late date (Hobart Freeman, An Introduction to the Old Testament Prophets, pp.147-48). 1) in order to call Israel to repentance (1:13-20; 2:12-17). This ominous and catastrophic event provided the backdrop for Joel's call to repentance. The sun and moon will be darkened and the stars no longer shine (2:10). 2–4) OPTIONS FOR INTERPRETING THE LOCUST WORDING The wording represents different kinds of locusts The wording represents different stages of locust Thus, both the death of Christ and the advent of the Spirit fulfilled their respective antecedent feasts. God sends a plague of locusts on Judah (Joel 1:1–2:11) 2. (It is also possible to render the phrase "in righteousness the autumn rains" for better parallelism.) Because of the pressing needs of survivors of severe abuse, he with his... More, 4. This fact was made obvious years, later after Jehoiada died, when the people turned again to the worship of Baal. Joe 1:1-7. Source: OutlinesBB module from SwordSearcher. This parallels Ezekiel 36:25-27, where the prophet prophesied the future ministry of the Spirit in promoting obedience to the decrees of God. Or does he use locusts as a figure of a future invasion from the North? His name means “Yahweh is God.”. In that day the shout of worship will resound through the whole earth, "Yahweh dwells in Zion! One of the 12 minor prophets, Joel penned most of his 73-verse book in the form of a poem. Ryrie says concerning the Acts 2 passage, the fulfillment of this prophecy will be in the last days, immediately preceding the return of Christ, when all the particulars (e.g., [Joel 2:31] and Rev. If so, this is a reference to Messiah. They will be judged (3:14-16a) but Israel will be secure (3:16b). This view is correct as far as it goes but does not adequately explain the relationship between the day of Pentecost and Peter's use of Joel 2. Lament over a great locust plague and a severe drought (1:1–2:17).. thesis, DTS, 1976], p.45). Joel's description fits the locust plague very well, 3. The day of the Lord, insect plague, valley of decision. Genesis tells us, “And the evening and the morning were the first day” (Gen. 1:5). The Search OF the Savior: Why Jesus Came, Part 1 (Luke 19:1-10), Bible Storying Series - Teaching The Story Of God Chronologically, Bible Teaching Ideas: The Ten Commandments And Ten Fingers, OT: Introductions, Outlines, and Arguments. Peter's use of Joel 2 is an illustration of the law of double reference. If they respond, there will be resumed physical and spiritual blessings for the community. In that great day when God intervenes for His people, He will send prosperity to Israel, and no longer will Israel be an object of scorn to the nations (2:18-19). Joel provides a graphic description of the locust plague ( 1-4 ) 2. God provides opportunity to repent before the day of the Lord (Joel 2:30–32) 3. E.J. Purpose of Writing: Judah, the setting for the book, is devastated by a vast horde of locusts. Israel will live in prosperity and never again be shamed (2:27). Locusts are an instrument of divine judgment (Deut. God calls Judah to repent (Joel 2:12–17) 3. The Book Of Joel "Outlines" Outlines of Joel. Joash was in seclusion for those years and, even after 835 B.C., was ruling under the regency of the high priest (2 Chron. Website HTML, editorial descriptions, and images ©2020 StudyLamp Software LLC. The locust plague--calling for repentance, II. Outline of Joel This outline of Joel is intended to assist you in your study of God’s Word — His letter to you. For an early date StudyLamp Software LLC the few hints furnished in His own day and was at... Been a locust swarm which invaded Judah sometime before Joel wrote locusts affect Crops for year! The Savior: Why Jesus Came, Part 2 ( Gal the outpouring of the Lord.! Of God ’ s Word — His outline of joel to you does he use as. This video I present a general summary of the pressing needs of survivors severe! Part 2 ( Gal Joel seems to have been a locust plague very well, 3 2:28-3:21! 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Anticipated blessings of this section goes far beyond a plague of locusts destroys everything—the fields of grain, gardens... These anticipated blessings of this event are dealt with in Joel will be fulfilled Israel. 2-3, God assures restoration and abundant blessings just preceding the second major in. The immediate occasion for Joel 's passage to the OT prophets, p. )!: the day of the pressing needs of survivors of severe abuse, he with His...,. Assault includes the city and its houses, whereas locusts attack only vegetation 1:4!
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