E. V. Ramasami (Erode Venkata Ramasami Naicker; auch Ramasamy, Ramaswamy; Tamil ஈ. It generates a significant proportion of Kerala's electrical power via the Idukki Dam and flows along a region of industrial and commercial activity. With Chandrasekhar, Jyothirmayi, Vijay Krishnaraj, Sathyaraj. Ramasamy, a.k.a. The Mullaperiyar dam is constructed at the confluence of the Periyar and Mullayar to create the Periyar Thekkady lake and reservoir, as well as the Periyar National Park. Periyar, was a man who donned many hats during his long and eventful political sojourn of nearly sixty years. Periyar is also the name given to a lake in the river’s course. Declaration of War on Brahminism. Ramasami, Periyar, [3rd edition] (1998). Nowhere in the subcontinent, has such a large number of taxa been reported from an area comparable to that of the PTR. This valley of Periyar at its source and the valley of Kunthi River in the Silent Valley are the only two forested higher valleys in the Western Ghats left intact even now. The state of Kerala has asserted during the hearings on the Mullaperiyar issue in the Supreme Court of India that the Periyar originates in Kerala, flows entirely through Kerala and joins the sea in the Kerala. Periyar River, river in southern Kerala state, southwestern India.Periyar is also the name given to a lake in the river’s course. He was a demagogue who used the social evils which were then prevalent, or … Even at his young age he began … [3][4] It is one of the few perennial rivers in the region and provides drinking water for several major towns. "Probably there is no other personality in Tamil Nadu whose legacy has been debated and fought over as much as that of Periyar's." He fought for the rights of lower cast people, an militant atheist who said, a god who created few people in high cast and many people in low cast can't exist. It is joined by its major tributary, the Idamalayar, 1.5 kilometres (0.9 mi) upstream of the Bhoothathankettu barrage. [5] The Periyar is of utmost significance to the economy of Kerala. One of the most important Christian pilgrim centres in Kerala, this holy shrine attracts devotees in very large numbers not only from Kerala but also from the neighbouring states. comment. Known as: Periyar E.V.R./Thanthai Periyar. Erode Venkata Ramasamy was born on 17 September 1879 to a Kannada Balija merchant family in Erode, then a part of the Coimbatore district of the Madras Presidency. The sub-plateau extends north from near Ayyappankoil to near Neriamangalam. [52], The important reservoirs in the Periyar basin within Kerala are Bhoothathankettu,[53] Idamalayar, Lower Periyar, Mattupetty, Anayirangal, Kundala, Ponmudi, Kallarkutti, Idukki (formed by construction of three dams—Idukki, Cheruthoni and Kulamavu),[54] Sengulam, Kallar, Erattayar and Mullaperiyar. Tomorrow is different. Periyar was a Balija Naidu of Telugu origin whose forefathers migrated from Vijayanagar empire. The emancipation of women and the self-respect movement were the major issues he fought for. He laid the foundation of many ideologies in modern Tamil politics. and will be conductive to a life of dignity and reason.. Periyar E. V. Ramasamy.. was commonly known as Periyar also referred to as E. V. R. or Thanthai Periyar,. Its generators have a power output of 780 MW (6 × 130), and generate electricity through the underground facility at Moolamattam, built by an India-Canada joint venture. This is the lowest part of the Cardamom Hills sloping towards the north in which the Idukki reservoir is located. It was Periyar who inspired temple entry protests in Tamil Nadu. The length-width ratio is 6:1. [18][19] Various sources indicate the origin of the river to be Chokkampatti Mala,[20][21][22] a peak on the southern boundary of the Periyar Tiger Reserve. We can write the biographies again and again for the leaders on their birthday. Located 52 kilometres (32 mi) from Kochi, the Malayatoor Church is situated atop the 609-metre (1,998 ft) high Malayatoor Hill. [61], Thattekad Bird Sanctuary, one of the important bird sanctuaries of India, is an evergreen low-land forest located between the branches of Periyar River. Interested in blogging for timesofindia.com? Pollution of the river and surrounding wetlands has almost wiped out traditional occupations, including fishing and farming. [9][10], The source of the Periyar lies high in the Western Ghats. A nice Presentation of the life history of Periyar. Muthayar, Perunthuraiar, Chinnar, Cheruthony, Kattappanayar, Although the Chalakudy river in strict geological sense is a tributary of the Periyar, for all practical purposes it is treated as a separate river by Government and other agencies. [22], A poorly defined ridge that runs from near Chakkupallam (north of Kumily) on the border between Kerala and Tamil Nadu extending southwest to near Vallakkadavu segregates the upper reaches of Periyar from the rest of the Cardamom Hills. This ridge is a spur hill extending from near Valaparai in Tamil Nadu, projecting far west into Kerala. Name: Erode Venkata Ramasamy Naicker/E.V.Ramasamy Naicker. Brahmin and Non-Brahmin: Genealogies of the Tamil Political Present. Out of the estimated 3,800 species of angiosperms of Kerala, 1,966 have been reported from within the reserve. [9] Downstream of the Mullaperiyar dam, the Periyar continues to flow northwestward for 35 kilometres (22 mi), exiting the Periyar Tiger Reserve and passing through Vandiperiyar, Elappara and Ayyappancoil to the Idukki reservoir formed by the Idukki, Cheruthoni and Kulamavu dams. From Tamil history, Periyar is a prominent social and political reformer. PERIYAR BHARAT KA BHUGOL, SAMANYA ADHYAYAN, BY ARVIND KUMAR, PERIYAR PRAKASHAN, U.P.S.C, I.A.S. History book on your . Periyar E. V. Ramasamy and Tamil grammar. Dezember 1973 in Vellore), genannt Periyar (பெரியார் Periyār [ˈpeɾijaːr] ‚der Große‘) war ein Politiker und Aktivist aus dem indischen Bundesstaat Tamil Nadu. Ramasami, Periyar E.V., [ new ed] (1994). The Chalakudy river also joins to this branch of the Periyar 10 kilometres (6 mi) south-east of Kodungalloor which expands to its maximum width at Munambam. [51], There are other hydro-electric generation facilities on the river at Pallivasal, Chenkulam, Panniyar, Neriyamangalam and Lower Periyar. [6][7] Due to these reasons, the river has been named the "Lifeline of Kerala". The Vembanad backwaters are connected to the Lakshadweep Sea at Cochin and Kodungallur. He used to listen to Tamil Vaishnavite gurus who gave discourses in his house enjoying his father’s hospitality. Abdullah Periyar Dasan. Periyar attended school for five years after which he joined his father’s trade at the age of 12. Chennai. Retrouvez Mullai Periyar Dam: - a brief history et des millions de livres en stock sur Amazon.fr. The Parvathimudi-Umayamala ridge forms the northeastern corner of the Lower Periyar Valleys. [13][14] This has also been admitted by the state of Tamil Nadu in the court. The northern edge of the Cardamom Hills bordering the High Range Plateau on the other hand slopes steeply to the south and is drained by Panniyar. Declaration of War on Brahminism. This population is genetically more diverse and distinct from the much larger elephant population further north in the Ghats. For reprint rights: Dr. Reddy's Laboratories | BUY | Target Price: Rs 5,710-5,750, Bharti Airtel | BUY | Target Price: Rs 550, JSW Energy | BUY | Target Price: Rs 80-82, ICICI Lombard | BUY | Target Price: Rs 1,600, Why has the government made high security registration plates mandatory, Aegis Logistics Ltd | BUY | Target Price: Rs 270-280, Bajaj Consumer | BUY | Target Price: Rs 255-275. The largest is within the Idukki Wildlife Sanctuary. [73], Illegal sand mining from the Periyar is another major environmental issue. 1944: The name of the Justice Party is changed to Dravidar Kazhagam. Copyright © 2020 Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd. All rights reserved. He later came to be known as "Periyar" meaning 'respected one' or 'elder' in the Tamil. [22], To the west of the Lower Periyar Valleys are the midlands, which are characterized by undulating topography with small hills separated by valleys. Dr. Salim Ali, India's greatest ornithologist, once described this tiny, 25-square-kilometre (10 sq mi) bird sanctuary, located about 60 kilometres (37 mi) north-east of Kochi, as "The richest bird habitat in peninsular India".[62]. It is one of the few perennial rivers in the region and provides drinking water for several major towns. Ramasamy | Jeyaraman, Bala | ISBN: 9788129137869 | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. The river also provides water for irrigation and domestic use throughout its course besides supporting a rich fishery. The Church has a life-size statue of St. Thomas and the imprint of the feet of the Apostle on a rock. Periyar, was a man who donned many hats during his long and eventful political sojourn of nearly sixty years. [80] Essentially, the dispute over the status of the river comes down to the definition of an inter-state river, with Kerala supporting the definition to be according to the course of the river,[15][16] while Tamil Nadu favouring the definition to be according to the catchment area of the river. He fought for the rights of lower cast people, an militant atheist who said, a god who created few people in high cast and many people in low cast can't exist. Periyar is one of the important makers of modern India. Visionary, rationalist, atheist, activist, social reformer, writer, doyen of Tamil politics, Father of the Dravidian Movement-E.V. E.V. [22], The lower valleys of Idamalayar and Pooyamkutty Ar constitute the Lower Periyar Valleys. A southwest to northeast ridge called the Chekuthan Mala separates the Idukki Sub-plateau from the Peermade Plateau as well as the main mass of Cardamom Hills. Ramasamy married for a second time in July 1948. Biography of E.V.Ramasamy/EVR Periyar-Indian- Politician-Social Reformer. Then, Periyar became the President of Tamil – Nadu Congress Committee. This area forms the north-eastern corner of the Periyar basin. Ramasamy, a.k.a. Periyar (meaning: big river) is the longest river and the river with the largest discharge potential in the Indian state of Kerala. Periyar remained with the Justice Party until 1944, but several conservative members of the party, especially the rich and intellectual quit from their posts during his term. Ramasamy, a.k.a. We can talk about individual events and his works for pages and pages. [37], The main Periyar below the Idukki reservoir flows due north parallel to the western edge of the Idukki plateau and is joined by the Perinjakutty from the east and Muthirapuzha from the north. The river bifurcates near Aluva into two major distributaries; one continues to flow through Desam as Mangalappuzha and finally drains into the Lakshadweep Sea. [56] Water from these rivers are transferred to the adjacent Sholayar basin as part of the PAP agreement. Ramasamy married when he was 19, and had a daughter who lived for only 5 months. p.c.s.,civil services & all competitive exam books, This entire stretch contains about 600 to 700 square kilometres (230 to 270 sq mi) of undisturbed wet evergreen forests typical of the Western Ghats. EARLY LIFE . The Idamala and Pooyamkutty rivers drain most of this section while its southern edge drains into the main Periyar. Nearly 80% of the total area situated in the high ranges are susceptible to erosion and mass movements. Ramasami, Periyar, [3rd edition] (1998). Actively voicing against the exploitation of the Dalits, of the women; he was nothing short of a radical feminist to the core.. Periyar was one of the few leaders of that era, who made sure that women were active participants in politics and stepped out into the streets. These are mostly crowded within a stretch of 5 kilometres (3 mi) in the Eloor-Edayar region (Udhyogamandal), about 10 kilometres (6 mi) north of Kochi harbor. He said that many times. https://www.veethi.com/india-people/periyar_e._v._ramasamy-profile-13-30.htm Online shopping from a great selection at Books Store. Both intensely admired and hated, he fought, among other things, for abolishing the caste system and the emancipation of women. [8] Kochi city, in the vicinity of the river mouth draws its water supply from Aluva, an upstream site sufficiently free of seawater intrusion. Intertwined with this, there is a dispute as to whether the Periyar should be classified as an inter-state river or not. This tract is almost entirely forested and the forests extend northwest between Periyar and Chalakudy rivers along the plains almost up to Kalady. The main Western Ghats watershed line forming the eastern border of the Cardamom Hills is highest to the southeast of the Kumily Gap. From the biodiversity value, this unit is of special importance because of its specialized high altitude flora and fauna. The Siva temple on the sand bank of Periyar River throngs with devotees every year on Mahasivarathri day. The tradition holds that the mosque, built in 629 AD by Mālik bin Dīnār, is the oldest mosque in India and the second oldest mosque in the world to offer Jumu'ah prayers. சிறந்த விடுதலைப் போராட்ட வீரரான நேதாஜி சுபாஷ் சந்திர போஸ் அவர்களின் வாழ்க்கை வரலாறு (Biography) மற்றும் சிறப்பு கட்டுரை. The lower reaches of the Periyar are heavily polluted. The landscape on the Periyar Plateau portion of Elephant Reserve 10 maintains the most intact elephant range in Southern India. It is the birthplace of Sri Adi Shankara, the Hindu philosopher who consolidated the doctrine of Advaita Vedanta. [46] The area belonging to Tamil Nadu in the Periyar basin is situated here. It has no significant extent of natural forests remaining anywhere. Poongundran's and Periyar's versions match closely, but to bolster his argument, Rajinikanth had cited a news report from Outlook magazine on the censorship of the press in Tamil Nadu. [64] The temple festival is conducted every year on Sivarathri day of the Kumbham month of Malayalam calendar. He opposed the exploitation and marginalisation of the non-Brahmin indigenous Dravidian peoples of South India and the imposition of, what he considered, Indo-Aryan India. These rainforests extend further west into the adjacent Pamba basin within the Gudarakal Forest Range and continue south beyond the Gudarakal Range into the forests of the Achankovil Division. The lake, 12 square miles (31 square km) in area, is an artificial reservoir created by damming the river. “No one in Tamil Nadu will take the comments on Periyar lightly, and Mr. Raja should correct himself,” he said. The valley floor is at an elevation of 1,000 metres (3,300 ft) and the ridges on either side often reach 1,800 metres (5,900 ft). Periyar Dravidar Kazhagam, a former political party in Tamil Nadu, India This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Periyar . [24][25][26] However, the Supreme Court of India in its judgement on the Mullaperiyar issue in 2014, made it clear that Tamil Nadu is not a riparian state of the river Periyar.[27]. [11][12] It is variously claimed to be located in Kerala and in the neighbouring state of Tamil Nadu. Ramasamy (Naicker), popularly known as Periyar (respected one or elder), did to Tamil society. [9][47][48] Within this section there are a series of deep west-sloping valleys where the valley floors are often at elevations less than 300 metres (980 ft). Several species of birds, both forest birds as well as the water birds visit the sanctuary. Unbiased and easy to read biography on one of Tamil Nadu's formative leaders. All the northern slopes of the main Anamalai ridge falling within Kerala drain into Idamalayar and Pooyamkutty Ar, both tributaries of Periyar. [46] It is separated from the rest of the Cardamom Hills by the deep channel of the Periyar River. [59], The Periyar Tiger Reserve (PTR) is also one of the most ecologically diverse regions in India. The Panniyar joins the Muthirapuzha, which drains the High Range Plateau section of the Periyar Basin in the north. Chennai. The Edayar branch of Periyar caters to the needs of these industries. Follow the installation instructions below for your system after downloading the file. I am keen on learning more about the ideas he talked and fought for. [46], The High Range Plateau is located around Munnar and Devikulam. [76] The Aluva Environmental Protection Forum[77] started by Sitaraman and others have played a pivotal role in the prevention of illegal sand mining and water pollution in the lower reaches of the river. He held the chair­man­ship of Erode Mu­nic­i­pal­ity and whole­heart­edly un­der­took con­struc­tive pro­grams spread­ing the use of Khadi, pick­et­ing toddy shops, boy­cotting shops sell­ing for­ei… Separating these valleys are a jumble of steep hills and flat topped plateaux with scarp faces rearing up to elevations of around 900 to 1,500 metres (3,000 to 4,900 ft). The latest to be deployed to battle Periyar is Tamil superstar Rajinikanth. [46] The upper catchments of Periyar extend as a wedge deep into the northeastern corner of the neighboring Pandalam Hills. [7], The Periyar has a total length of approximately 244 kilometres (152 mi) and a catchment area of 5,398 square kilometres (2,084 sq mi), of which 5,284 square kilometres (2,040 sq mi) is in Kerala and 114 square kilometres (44 sq mi) is in Tamil Nadu. Or Call us on- 9354229384, 9354252518, 9999830584. click here Kumarrao (talk) 06:46, 21 June 2009 (UTC) Please provide a reference for the above statement, else it will have to be removed. [22] South of Vagamon, the tributaries of Meenachil, Manimala and Pamba have eroded away extensive areas of the Periyar basin between Ayyappankovil and Vallakkadavu. While it met the demand for water on one hand, it led to the deterioration of water quality downstream of the river. The landforms of this section are broad valleys, submerged lands with swamps and marshes and subdued sand dunes. the source of Periyar River is a narrow valley extending south of Kumily. September 17 is the birth anniversary of EVR Periyar. The catchment of Kattappana Ar located beyond the southeastern corner of the Idukki reservoir also falls in this portion. Over many years of domicile the Naidus/Naickars spoke either Tamil or Kannada but rudimentary Telugu at home. For Tamil Nadu, Periyar is more than just a social reformer; he is a Thanthai Periyar(Respected Father). Periyar believed that Tamil language will make the Dravidian people unite under the banner of Tamil culture, and that it will make the Kannadigas, Andhras and the Malayalees be vigilant. I would have loved to read a book with better writing and story telling, however this remains one of the few books available to an english audience wanting to know more about Periyar's legacy. This area was heavily forested till the 1950s but now only three small fragments of forest vegetation alone remain. ‪Periyar ‬‬Biography tamil news - Get latest and breaking tamil news about ‪Periyar ‬‬Biography, updated and published at Zee News Tamil. Ra­masamy joined the In­dian Na­tional Con­gress in 1919 after quit­ting his busi­ness and re­sign­ing from pub­lic posts. Periyar and Feminism. Ramasamy, a.k.a. [46], The southernmost part of the Cardamom Hills i.e. This typeface is supported in multiple operating systems, such as Microsoft Windows XP, Vista, 7, 8, 8.1, 10 and also Linux and MacOS. This portion of the Periyar basin is drier than all other west sloping parts of the Western Ghats. ALSO READ | About Periyar E. V. Ramasamy [ 1879-1973 ] Biography & Life History. Aditya Birla Sun Life Tax Relief 96 Direct-Growt.. which are just mentioned in this book. The river, 140 miles (225 km) long, rises in the Western Ghats range near the border with Tamil Nadu state and flows north a short distance to Periyar Lake. Its eastern border is the main Anamalai ridge. Book review: Periyar A Political Biography is a good read ... No one did what E.V. Write for TOI Blogs . This has been done in the form of articles in several popular Tamil magazines, citations in several Tamil books, biographies of EV Ramasamy and infact the current General Secretary of the Dravidar Kazhagam (DK) has written an entire book on this fake propaganda, titled “Thanthai Periyar from the sight of … The Marthandavarma branch flows southwards, again dividing into two near Kunjunnikkara Island, and finally drains into the Vembanad backwaters at Varapuzha. The general gradient is towards the west here. The Periyar is of utmost significance to the economy of Kerala. The Idukki Subplateau is at an average elevation of 700 metres (2,300 ft). He had one elder brother named Krishnaswamy and two sisters named Kannamma and Ponnuthoy. He was very wealthy. From its source near Chokkampatti Mala initially Periyar flows north between these two heavily forested ridges. It is less than 20 kilometres (12 mi) wide and is about 40 kilometres (25 mi) long. Very informative. Visionary, rationalist, atheist, activist, social reformer, writer, doyen of Tamil politics, Father of the Dravidian Movement—E.V. This shrine has now been accorded an international pilgrimage station. Periyar has widespread influence on the state of Tamil Nadu- a state where the Dravidian movement was started and strengthened by Periyar. The Periyar only has a narrow strip of the Cardamom Hill tableland to flow northward here. [46] This portion of the Cardamom Hills is on an average 800 metres (2,600 ft) high. Erode Venkata Ramasamy (17 September 1879 – 24 December 1973), also called Periyar, Thanthai Periyar or E. V. R. by his followers, was an Indian philosopher , politician, independence and social activist.He started the Self-Respect Movement or the Dravidian Movement and proposed the creation of an independent state called Dravida Nadu, comprising the states of South India. Many parts of the area are directly connected to the backwaters with a network of canals. [38] After the confluence with Muthirapuzha, the river flows northwestwards and enters Ernakulam district at Neriamangalam. It is the biggest dam of its kind (a concrete, double curvature parabolic, thin arc dam[6]) in Asia and the second-biggest in the world. [57], South of the Mullaperiyar reservoir, at the source of Periyar River, there is an unbroken stretch of about 350 square kilometres (140 sq mi) of sheltered, unmodified rainforests within the Periyar Tiger Reserve. E.V. The exceedingly violent impact of very heavy rainfall on a likely geologically unstable part of the Western Ghats where there is extensive faulting has caused accelerated weathering and erosion, carving out a complex of deep valleys on the western face of the High Range Plateau. Let's reshape it today, Hunt for the brightest engineers in India, Mirae Asset Emerging Bluechip Fund Direct-Growth, ICICI Prudential Bluechip Fund Direct-Growth. At the turn of the 20th century, it was fully covered by evergreen forests. Studies have pointed out that the quantity of sand being mined from the Periyar is at least 30 times the actual quantity that can be taken out without causing damage to the river’s environmental system. E V Ramasamy (1879-1973), popularly known as EVR, is hailed as ‘Periyar’ by his followers. Even … The church is dedicated to St. Thomas, who is believed to have prayed at this shrine. Here the High Wavies branch off towards north-west into Tamil Nadu, with some peaks reaching elevations of over 1,900 metres (6,200 ft) along the border between Kerala and Tamil Nadu.

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