They stated that no single modality has provided all answers, and each of these generations has built on achievements of previous generation [8]. The Foundation for Advancement of International Medical Education and Research Distance Learning (FAIMER ® DL) program offers health professions educators the opportunity to receive advanced training in all aspects of health professions education. In 2011, almost 30% of students were enrolled in distance learning during their undergraduate bachelor’s degree according to the US national center for educational statistics [14], but actually this is not the case in undergraduate education in Jordan. Distance and online learning Medical Education Courses. Objectives and goals were explained at the beginning of the questionnaire to all participating students, and their enrollment was after they consent to participate in the study. BMC Med Educ 20, 341 (2020). 2004;83(5):396–9. Students’ satisfaction with distance e-learning during clinical medical years. While most students reported using multiple platforms in their learning (64.7%), ZOOM was the most commonly used single platform in delivering educational sessions (35.3%). Distance E-learning has been proved as an efficient modality of learning in different educational and governmental studies [4,5,6]. 1999;74(10):1146–50. The course is worth 120 credits and comprises six modules of 20 credits, each running over a period of six weeks. Two hundred and sixty seven students (49.6%) utilized multiple devices to access their learning sessions. Traditional (i.e. 2016;8(7):83–92. School of Ultrasonography Our Professional Diploma course “Practical Ultrasound for Healthcare Professionals” has been accredited by the European Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (EACCME). The main drawbacks were the low quality of teaching reported by (48.3%) of responders and poor interaction with instructors reported by (62.1%) of responders.,,,,,,,,, 2011;12(3):80–97. The program includes comprehensive training in all aspects of health professions education as well as training in advanced research design and leadership/management. Distance E-learning in medical education may represent a suitable alternative to traditional learning to deliver high-quality education. University of Jordan, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Yarmouk University, Hashemite University, Mutah University, and Al-Balqa’a University)). Google Scholar. The mean age of participants was 22.7 years (range: 21–28). A P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Arch Pathol Laboratory Med. The lack of infrastructure, technology, internet access, and poor quality of internet services are examples of barriers that impact both learners and faculty members [18, 19], and this was demonstrated in participants reported challenges (Table 2). On the other hand, the time dedicated to distance learning sessions was not adequate according to 26.5% of students. Distance Learning. Internet-based learning, computer-based learning, virtual classrooms, and digital collaboration all represent different types of e-learning. The course starts in September. On the Medical Education MA/PgCert/PgDip postgraduate degree at Keele University you will develop the quality and effectiveness of your clinical teaching and medical education through fostering a learner-centred approach, promoting evidence-based education, all underpinned by an understanding of education theory. Questions were in two formats, multiple-choice and rating questions on a five-point scale (Likert scale). Before this period, distance learning was not considered in Jordanian universities as a modality for education. face to face) teaching is considered an essential long-standing approach in medical education [11]. It may represent an optimal solution to maintain learning processes in exceptional and emergency situations such as COVID-19 pandemic. O’doherty D, Dromey M, Lougheed J, Hannigan A, Last J, McGrath D. Barriers and solutions to online learning in medical education – an integrative review. The availability of essential infrastructures and efficient institutional strategies represent a major challenge for integrating distance learning in medical education [1]. Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations. Three generations of distance education pedagogy. Formatex Research Center; 2011. As institutional support is essential for the success of distance learning, and institutional strategy should be designed to facilitate the implementation of key skills and the adoption of methodologies by faculty [18]. However, Professional Members in good standing at the time of purchase will be refunded $10.00 per CE Unit within 7 days. Part of Critical review: KO, HIA, HJ, EA, RA. BMC Med Educ. Another advantage of e-learning is the easier and faster update and distribution of the educational content in comparison to printed references. Guide of internet sites for the study of cardiology. With advances in technologies and social media, distance learning is a new and rapidly growing approach for undergraduate, postgraduate, and health care providers. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. Information on a wide variety of Distance learning General Medicine courses across India in just one click. Bediang G, Stoll B, Geissbuhler A, Klohn A, Stuckelberger A, Nko'o S, et al. defined distance E-learning as providing access to learning for those who are geographically remote from the instructor [2], while CAI is an interactive technique whereby instructional material is presented by and a computer, and students’ progress is monitored and evaluated during this process. The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest regarding this project and they approved it for publication. University of Jordan (n = 1155), Jordan University of Science and Technology (n = 1525), Hashemite University (n = 694), Yarmouk University (n = 614), Mutah University (n = 910) and AlBalqa’a University (n = 249)), the largest required sample size is 588. Barrier against adopting distance e-learning can be divided into three main levels; (1) technology/infrastructure barriers (2) institutional/educators’ barriers (3) student barriers. Factors that were significantly linked to the level of satisfaction includes students previous experience in distance learning within universities, instructors’ role, using multimedia and devoting adequate time for educational sessions. 2018;3(3):108–11. Besides that, 55.2% of students predict that lack of commitment to distance learning courses by students might discourage medical schools from adopting it in their curricula. Education in a technological world: Communicating current and emerging research and technological efforts [Internet]. Differences between traditional and distance education academic performances: a meta-analytic approach. Participating students are medical students in their clinical medical years (i.e. These questions were mainly about student’s demographics (age, gender, academic years and medical school), prior and current experience with distance learning, available technologies, distance learning benefits, drawbacks, their instructors’ influence, challenges, attitudes towards the effectiveness of distance learning in medical education, and their perceptions about the future of distance learning in medical education. Conceptualization: MA, HIA, HA. E-learning for undergraduate health professional education. Moore et al. 2004;74(3):379–439. Much of the course content uses as its framework for learning the WFME standards for undergraduate medical education and the criteria for the WFME Recognition Programme. Our online learning postgraduate degree programme is ideal for those with an educational role in relation to healthcare professionals and veterinary practitioners. Aikawa L, Zornoff DCM, Matsubara BB. The need to establish a unified educational platform for all medical schools might be the optimal solution to overcome the variation between students’ satisfaction in distance learning secondary to variation in instructors’ performance. Int Med Medical Investigation J. A total of 652 students have completed the questionnaire, among them, 538 students (82.5%) have participated in distance learning in their medical schools amid COVID-19 pandemic. Distance-learning, online format enables flexible learning at your own pace. The FAIMER-Keele Master’s Degree program is a blended learning course for health professions educators who aspire to a leadership role in health professions education at their institution. Medical Education Practice Distance Learning This course has been designed to meet the needs of practitioners who are unable to attend the course at Bangor due to work or location. Formatted in 6 modules (120 credits), each of 6 weeks duration; the course is designed … Information on a wide variety of Distance learning Medical Education courses across India in just one click. 1997;73(865):701–4. Find out more here. Educational technology to facilitate medical students’ learning: background paper 2 of the medical school objectives project. Only prerecorded sessions and a mix of live and pre-recorded lessons were used in 11.2 and 8% respectively. Further studies are required to address educational outcomes as well as faculty members’ perceptions and opinions towards distance e-learning. Chapter 15 Distance education J. Shanahan MC. Cite this article. Distance and online learning General Medicine Courses. Ensuring the future workforce is prepared to meet the challenges of modern healthcare means we need medical education experts to help shape practice. FAIMER distance learning modules are written by teams of international experts in their fields from North and South America, Europe, Africa, Asia, and Australia, including many WFME advisers. California Privacy Statement, According to the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) for health including good health well-being and quality of education, effective and affordable educational strategies need to be addressed critically especially in low and middle-income countries (LMIC) [9]. This programme provides a sound foundation for allied health professionals who support undergraduate medical students and/or postgraduate trainees’ learning in Higher and Professional Education settings, including the clinical workplace. According to 281 students (52.2%), distance e-learning can replace traditional class learning in delivering theoretical knowledge while 423 students (78.6%) replied that distance e-learning will represent a major challenge to acquire adequate clinical medical skills. In this study, the overall medical students’ early experience in distance learning is unsatisfactory. Evolution of web site design: implications for medical education on the internet. Chu LF, Chan BK. Study MSc in Clinical Education at the University of Edinburgh. The statement of ethical approval was obtained from the Institutional Review Board (IRB) committee at Hashemite University, and an informed written consent was obtained from participants before their enrollment in the questionnaire. Retrieved from eLearning-healthprof-report.Pdf. Accordingly, this study included a convenient sample of 652 students who are currently enrolled in their clinical years. 86.6% reported response in less than 48 h). A systematic review informing a radical transformation of health workforce development. Distance learning, also called distance education, e-learning, and online learning, form of education in which the main elements include physical separation of teachers and students during instruction and the use of various technologies to facilitate student-teacher and student-student communication. Even blended education (i.e. We concluded data acquisition once the minimum required convenient sample size (588) was reached. Comput Biol Med. Satisfaction in distance learning is strongly linked to students’ prior experience in distance learning as well as instructors’ experiences and interactions. 2017;141(2):298–300. This cross-sectional study is based on a questionnaire that was designed and delivered to medical students in their clinical years. Distance learning. Manage cookies/Do not sell my data we use in the preference centre. WordPress Download Manager - Best Download Management Plugin, Countries served by agencies with Recognition Status (Map), ECFMG 2024 (previously 2023) announcement, Health Professions Education: Accreditation and Assessment, criteria for the WFME Recognition Programme, WordPress Download Manager - Best Download Management Plugin, Module 4: Curriculum Design and Evaluation, Module 5: Teaching and Learning in Health Professions, Module 7: Educational Management and Leadership. Glob J Health Sci. Based on our review, this is the first paper discussing clinical medical distance e-learning in Jordan. Applicants may wish to continue onto the linked Postgraduate Diploma in Medical Education which provides a further 60 credits at FHEQ Level 7. Poor financial capacity of students might also impede distance learning according to 297 students (55.2%). Letterie GS. Moberg TF, Whitcomb ME. 2011;14(2):129–35. It is presented as a distance learning workbook. BMC Med Edu. Since that time, the global incidence of COVID-19 disease has increased dramatically. © 2020 BioMed Central Ltd unless otherwise stated. In this study, main reported advantages were saving time and flexibility of classes as being reported by 79 and 63.8% respectively. E-learning platforms are now increasingly utilized by medical schools around the world and comprise adaptive tutorials, audiovisual clips, and virtual models. Search for the most up-to-date Distance and online learning Medical Education course offers on Emagister. Terms and Conditions, Based on modular learning, it gives you the opportunity to progress from Certificate to Diploma to a full Masters degree (MMedEd). This study aimed to evaluate clinical medical students’ experiences in computer mediated distance e-learning, which is considered a newly adopted approach in Jordanian medical schools. 4th, 5th and 6th years) from the all medical schools (i.e. Our online Medical Education Postgraduate Diploma allows you to study for just one calendar year and is a part-time, distance-learning course. Int Rev Res Open Distributed Learning. Distance E-Learning is defined as using computer technology to deliver training, including technology-supported learning either online, offline, or both [2]. Arq Bras Cardiol. Writing manuscript: MA, HIA, HA, KO. Int J Med Inform. This study aims to explore the situation of distance E-learning among medical students during their clinical years and to identify possible challenges, limitations, satisfaction as well as perspectives for this approach to learning. in their paper have described three generations of distance education pedagogy. Based on students’ opinions regarding instructors’ role and performance in distance learning, 64.3% of students had agreed that instructors were actively participating in their discussions and 78.3% of students admitted that instructors approached them using multimedia to achieve desired course objectives. Amid the COVID-19 pandemic, the majority of the student (n = 538; 82.5%) have participated in distance learning in their medical schools. Transforming information search and evaluation practices of undergraduate students. They believe that a blended approach (traditional and e-learning) will be the most suitable for future medical training. PubMed Google Scholar. These generations are Cognitive-behaviourism, Constructivism, and Connectivism. It is aimed at the effective construction of knowledge regarding individual experience, practice, and knowledge of the learners and students [3]. As traditional approaches in medical education are facing increased challenges because of the increase in clinical demands and reduction in available time [12], a shift in traditional medical education practice to online, distance, or electronic learning has been noticed in the last few decades [13]. 2003;188(3):849–53. The Postgraduate Diploma in Medical Education programme is committed to promoting excellence in learning and teaching for health professionals. It is mandatory to collaborate with telecommunication companies to provide students and instructors with high-quality internet coverage with affordable costs, also to improve instructors’ skills in using technology in their distance learning. Medical education is at the core of healthcare provision globally. How does distance education compare with classroom instruction? 2018;18:130. Copyright © 2020 World Federation for Medical Education • Terms and Conditions • Privacy, [ Placeholder content for popup link ] The programme has been designed in collaboration with clinicians and other healthcare professionals. On the 19th of March, the emergency state was announced in Jordan followed by the curfew on 21 March. In response to the COVID-19 situation, Jordan announced the emergency state on the 19th of March, followed by the curfew on 21 March. Our medical education distance learning products cater for a diverse group of healthcare professionals to meet their educational and training needs. Data collection: MA, HIA, HA, HJ, EA, RA, KO. Course delivery: We plan to deliver our postgraduate and MSt qualifications in-person in the academic year 2021-22. This is a cross sectional study based on a questionnaire of 23 questions that was designed by a team of faculty members from all participating medical schools in Jordan. This distance learning course is for clinical and postgraduate tutors, nurses, health visitors and therapists, general practice course organisers and trainers, undergraduate tutors and others involved in teaching in a healthcare setting. Schiller JS, Lucas JW, Peregoy JA. Cookies policy. Various platforms and applications had been implemented in distance learning including ZOOM, Microsoft Teams, WhatsApp groups, Facebook groups, YouTube channels, Moodle, and Skype. General Medicine. Course structure: You can take the Masters in Medical Education on a part-time basis over a period of three years. Early application is recommended as places normally fill before the start date. allied health professions, medicine, nursing, social care, science and technology). Mooney G, Bligh J. volume 20, Article number: 341 (2020) Panahi P, Borna F. "Distance learning: challenges, new solution," 2014 37th International Convention on Information and Communication Technology. It is for all medical, dental and other health professionals who aim to professionalise the role of the clinician as teacher. Rotimi O, Orah N, Shaaban A, Daramola AO, Abdulkareem FB. All authors have read and approved the manuscript. Acad Med. 20. WFME works closely with CenMEDIC, the University of Keele and FAIMER to support the delivery of a distance learning degree in Health Professions Education: Accreditation and Assessment. The delivery of educational material using synchronous live streaming sessions represented the major modality of teaching and Internet streaming quality and coverage was the main challenge that was reported by 69.1% of students. Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. To the best of our knowledge, no published study discussing the current situation of distance e-learning among Jordanian medical students in their clinical years is available. For more information please see the Registration page for information on the application process, eligibility requirements, and tuition and fees. Overall, only 144 students (26.77%) were satisfied with their experience in medical distance learning (Fig. Summary health statistics for US adults: national health interview survey; 2011. Privacy This programme leads to the award of MSc Health and Medical Education with interim awards of Postgraduate Diploma Health and Medical Education or Postgraduate Certificate Health and Medical Education. Computer literacy and e-learning perception in Cameroon: the case of Yaounde. A summary of reported benefits, drawbacks, and challenges is summarized in Table 2. The original version of this article was revised: the corresponding author Mahmoud Al-Balas would like to correct his affiliation. So you have the opportunity to experience distance learning, see how a distance learning course is constructed, experience different types of exercises and… Springer Nature. The disease started in Wuhan province in China in late December 2019. We have involved medical students during their clinical years in all Jordanian medical universities. Students’ satisfactions, limitations, and perspectives have been addressed in our study as well. Use of E-learning in education: attitude of medical students of shiraz, Iran. During clinical education, students receive both in-class theoretical lectures and seminars, and in-hospital clinical rotations. Al-Balas, M., Al-Balas, H.I., Jaber, H.M. et al. With advances in technologies and social media, distance learning is a new and rapidly growing approach for undergraduate, postgraduate, and health care providers. The environment in which medical students learn today is vastly different than it was 20 years ago when the Internet was not such a dominant tool in medical education. [Accessed May 5, 2020]. Delivered over 1 year, the online part-time distance learning Postgraduate Diploma course is especially developed for busy health professionals. Educators in medicine, nursing, dentistry, and other health professions can acquire the knowledge and skills to advance health … Background: This study aimed to analyse the impact that web-based distance learning has on knowledge gain in medical students, as well as student perceptions of the methodology. All data and supplementary material are available upon request from the corresponding author. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated in a credit line to the data. Based on the results, medical institutions in Jordan need to address previously mentioned challenges in near future to optimize the experience of distance e-learning among their students. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article. When paying online, you will be charged the Non Member rate of $22.00 per CE Unit. For this study, the estimated sample size (n = 588) is derived from the online Raosoft sample size calculator. Literature review: HIB, HB, KO, BA. Distance-learning, online format enables flexible learning at your own pace. As part of that, the six medical schools in Jordan in stopped all their teaching and training activities. 2008;77(8):518–26. Data were analyzed using the statistical package for the social sciences version 23 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL) statistical software. Ensuring the future workforce is prepared to meet the challenges of modern healthcare means we need experts in medical education to help shape practice.
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